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WE ARE

JAFUA

Justice and Accountability for Ukraine (JAFUA) is an independent human rights NGO, operating as a non-profit, which advances legal accountability for violations of international law in Ukraine.

We bring together practitioners, academics, and policymakers to help realise binding international rights and obligations though advocacy, policy advice and fundraising.

Speakers

Young Activists
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OUR AIMS

We are primarily concerned with:

  • legal responsibility for acts of aggression committed in Ukraine, as determined by the United Nations, and creating appropriate international legal mechanisms for accountability.

  • advocating for reparations for victims and survivors of violations of: the international prohibition on the use of force, the international prohibition on aggression, and international human rights law during the armed conflict in Ukraine from 2013 onwards.

  • campaigning for the application of international law by preventing the deportation and the ensuring the return of abducted children from Ukraine.

Our approach is based on the rule of law. Our advocacy on obtaining individual and collective redress for victims of rights violations, therefore, sits within a broader framework to facilitate harmonisation of state practice with accepted international legal norms.

We are not party politically affiliated, are independent and do not engage in political lobbying.

 

Justice and Accountability for Ukraine (JAFUA) Ltd is a UK Registered Company limited by Guarantee - No:15028177. It operates as a not-for-profit company.

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OUR WORK

Justice and Accountability for Ukraine (JAFUA) has three key work streams: advocacy, policy advice and fundraising.

Those work streams aim to advance individual and state responsibility for violations of international criminal law and international human rights law, in the context of the armed conflict in Ukraine. We seek to do this by petitioning international and national bodies to uphold human rights and the rule of law, raising awareness of violations in Ukraine amongst stakeholders, and asking for harmonising domestic state practice with international legal obligations.

We work in democratic states and our work streams are largely focused in Europe given the proximity to Ukraine. The rationale for our focus on these regions is because of: a need for co-ordinating and bringing together individuals who represent states, international organisations and NGOs operating in those regions; and the capitalise on the willingness showed, to date, by democratic states to help create adequate mechanisms for prevention, protection and redress of/for human rights violations.

We do not work directly with survivors and victims on the ground, we do not directly work in any active conflict zones, and we ensure all our work is informed by a “do no harm” policy.

Our areas of interest:

  • International human rights law

  • International humanitarian and criminal law

  • Public international law

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ADVOCACY

Our advocacy and campaigning work is strategically geared towards closing gaps in the application and enforcement of binding international law, including human rights, in the context of the armed conflict in Ukraine.

In order to uphold international law, we engage with a range of stakeholders – including lawyers, human rights activities, academics and policy makers, to advocate for redress for a range of international harms being witnessed in Ukraine.

In summary, our advocacy and campaigning work comprises: 

  • Facilitating events, workshops, and discussions among stakeholders on:​

    • reparations for violations of peremptory norms of international law – such as war crimes, crimes against humanity, genocide, discrimination and aggression – and creation of a compensation claims mechanism to satisfy claims of victims and survivors including a large cross-spectrum of citizens, and businesses.

    • avenues for legal accountability for the forcible transfer or deportation of children during the armed conflict in Ukraine and legal means for redress and reparation.

  • legal redress mechanisms for victims and survivors acts of aggression allegedly being committed in Ukraine including the creation of a Special Tribunal for the Crime of Aggression.

  • Petitioning local authorities, including ministries, national human rights bodies and ombudsmen, to take preventive and protective measures to bring state practice into harmony with international law.

  • Preparing submissions, Amicus Curiae briefs, making third-party interventions to supplement casework and petition to bring state practice and behaviour in line with international law.

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POLICY ADVICE

Our policy advice work is intimately linked with our advocacy efforts. We aim to translate international rights and obligations agreed at an international level into practical application and enforcement of such rights through law, both domestic and international, and mainstreamed into structures, practices, procedures and policies.

In summary, our policy advice work comprises:

  • Supporting international efforts to create a special ad hoc international tribunal for the crime of aggression as allegedly being committed in Ukraine since late 2013 so that individuals responsible can be held accountable.

  • Encouraging work on finding legal avenues for reparations and compensation for violations of international law in Ukraine including through the provision of a claims register and a compensation claims mechanism.

  • Sponsoring legal efforts to return help identify, locate and repatriate some 20,000 Ukrainian children who have been allegedly forcibly taken to, and of which just over 130 of them have been returned to date [Jul 2023].

  • Strengthening state practice, and the advancement of international law, through legal and policy submissions to the Council of Europe, European Union, OSCE, UN Special Procedures, and the Human Rights Council.

  • Providing advice to stakeholders to raise awareness of ongoing human rights violations and international crimes and undertaking research on the same.

  • Engaging with local actors, civil society organisations to strategically consider improvements in the law, domestic capacity and facilitate joint campaigns to harmonise state practice with international legal obligations.

Our advocacy and campaigning work is strategically geared towards closing gaps in the application and enforcement of binding international law, including human rights, in the context of the armed conflict in Ukraine.

In order to uphold international law, we engage with a range of stakeholders – including lawyers, human rights activities, academics and policy makers, to advocate for redress for a range of international harms being witnessed in Ukraine.

Our key focus for advocacy and campaigning work is on:

  • Facilitating events, workshops, and discussions among stakeholders on the areas of our concern and in particular on the issues of: the creation of a special tribunal for the crime of aggression as allegedly being committed in Ukraine; facilitating reparative relief for ongoing violations of international law; and relief, redress and recompense for forced displacement and transfer of children.

  • petitioning local authorities, including ministries, national human rights bodies and ombudsmen, to take preventive and protective measures to bring state practice into harmony with international law.

  • Preparing submissions, Amicus Curiae briefs, making third-party interventions to supplement casework and petition to bring state practice and behaviour in line with international law.

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